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Expanding Audio Access to Mathematics Expressions by Students with Visual Impairments via MathML

This project's goals are:

  1. Create rules for synthetic speech for math expressions typical of high school-level Algebra that produce speech that is similar to speech used in typical classrooms. This style is called ClearSpeak.
  2. Create the means for content-authors and content-users to customize features of ClearSpeak to suit the needs of a student, class, or occasion.
  3. Create the means for content-users to use the keyboard to navigate a math expression as it is spoken by the computer.
  4. Create the means for math expressions to be spoken in ClearSpeak (including its customized settings) using screen readers within Microsoft Word and elsewhere.

This project is supported by the Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, through Grant R324A110355 to the Educational Testing Service. The opinions expressed in research reports or presentations posted on this site are those of the authors and do not represent views of the Institute or the U.S. Department of Education.


Lois Frankel, Principal Investigator, Educational Testing Service

Beth Brownstein, Co-Principal Investigator, Educational Testing Service

Neil Soiffer, Co-Principal Investigator, Design Science, Inc.

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